Surah: 101 - سورة العاديات
Al-Qariah – The state of loss
As the title suggests this surah describes a particular situation that can be faced by any person. Al-Qariah means the state of loss. It could be loss of respect, honor, prestige, image, health or wealth. Here similes are used to explain the condition of a person who faces such a situation. When such a situation strikes a person, he is in the state of shock. This makes him vulnerable to end his life like a moth that flies into the flame, not realizing that it is a fatal path for him. The surah tries to explain such a situation where a person is swooned into grief and sorrow by losing their mental balance. Only he can survive from this state whose aspirations are high and are not affected by these momentary phase.
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
With the identification of the System, the Rehman, the Raheem
The state of loss
2) مَا الْقَارِعَةُ
What state of loss is?
3) وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا الْقَارِعَةُ
And what causes you such a state of loss?
4) يَوْمَ يَكُونُ النَّاسُ كَالْفَرَاشِ الْمَبْثُوثِ
It is a moment when the confused person is like swooned moth
5) وَتَكُونُ الْجِبَالُ كَالْعِهْنِ الْمَنفُوشِ
And even the strongest is like soft wool (weak & in a broken state)
6) فَأَمَّا مَن ثَقُلَتْ مَوَازِينُهُ
Then whose (mental) balance is dominant
7) فَهُوَ فِي عِيشَةٍ رَّاضِيَةٍ
Then he lives a satisfied life
8) وَأَمَّا مَنْ خَفَّتْ مَوَازِينُهُ
But whose (mental) balance is alleviated
9) فَأُمُّهُ هَاوِيَةٌ
He raised his aspiration to higher things
10) وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا هِيَهْ
And what makes you know what the call is ?
11) نَارٌ حَامِيَةٌ
It is the fire of extreme eagerness
Hamiyah = Thirst, eagerness, desirous, hovers about object of aim, inclined towards, affected etc
It is the fire of extreme eagerness
Al-Qariah = State of loss or honor, shock, magic, sorcery, witchery, a whip, anything with which one beats, cast or to draw etc
Yaum = moment, day, period
Ka-al-Farashi = Like the moth, makes himself the victim, unsteady
Al-Mabsuti = Swooning from grief or sorrow due to some news or information- scattered, dispersed
Al-Jabal = the strong nature man, hard, tough, rough, disposition etc
Ka-laehin = Like the wool, broken state etc
An-Naas = Particular human being,
Al-Manfushi = Loose from within
Saqalat = Heavy, weighty, dominant, over powering, exerting influence, important, superior in weight etc
Mawazinahu = His (mental) balance, scale
Isha = Pleasant life, passed his life in particular manner or state, living well after constrained occupation
Raziyah = Satisfied, content, pleased, favorable etc
Khafat = Lightly, easy going, alleviation, light hearted, quick, sharp etc
Fa-umaho = directed to his course, tended, aim at, endeavor after, persued to reach, purpose, right way etc
Hawiyah = High aspiration
Hiya = Calling or call, an expression of regret for a thing that passes away etc
Naar = Fire (metaphor)
Whatever the circumstances, man should possess a composed mental balance. If he loses his balance he could be pulled towards disaster. The pulling forces work like some magician casting his spell on him and he is inclined to take the fatal path like moths. Even the strongest mountainous personality cannot resist such forces. So the beloved author of the “Quran” is instructing us to be mentally strong so as to live a satisfied life. Or he should be mentally alleviated so that this trauma does not affect him. This is only possible when he has the fire of eagerness to achieve his goal.
1) The striking hour
2) What is the striking hour ?
3) And what will make you know what the striking hour is ?
4) It is a Day when mankind will be like moths scattered about
5) And the mountains will be carded like wool
6) Then for whose balance will be heavy
7) He will live live a pleasant life
8) But as for him whose balance will be light
9) He will have his home in hell pit
10) And what will make you know what it is
11) It is a fiercely blazing fire !
Simile is a figure of speech that directly compare two things through the explicit use of two connecting words (such as like, as, so, than, or various verbs such as resemble). Simile is used only for the purpose of explanation or clarification, it should not be taken in literary sense. The respected author has used simile for the purpose of explanation only. If I say I have been working like a dog. That does not mean I am a dog - The phrase means I've been working very hard.
Moreover the description of the event is in present tense. To form a future tense in Arabic the prefix (سـ) "sa" is added to the present tense verb, or (سوف) "sawfa". Otherwise you cannot form a future tense without these. Whereas "sawfa" is used for near future tense.
To perceive that above surah relates to "The Dooms Day" is unrealistic way of thinking in which there is no regard for the language's rules. The book "Quran" is a lesson for the present and not for after life. Although it discusses events as an examples for today's life but the main emphasis is how humans can live a peaceful and successful life.