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Thursday 22 June 2017

Eidul Fitr - - عيد الفطر

Eid al Fitr - عيد الفطر

Linguistically the word Eid عيد means to return or come back. The basic meaning of عيد الفطر - Eid al Fitr is to come back to its original nature. Shahr Ramadan according to my understanding is the 9th evolutionary period of man's life cycle when through Al-Quran, the guidance, criterion are compiled and settled in agitated minds [Al-Naas]. Please see my article on Ramadan for further clarification. Eid al-Fitr in Arabic عيد الفطر‎‎ is traditionally a "festival of breaking of the fast" - it is an important religious festival ignorantly celebrated by traditional Muslims worldwide that marks the end of "Month of Ramadan", the Islamic holy month of "fasting" (saum). In fact the fever of Ramadan or siyaam never ends for a mutaqi or a deep thinker, it is manifested 24x7 throughout the dark phases; Ramadan must manifest 24x7 throughout the dark or learning phases of one’s lifetime.

The derivatives of word eid occurred in the book Quran occurred 63 times and once as noun in verse 5:114 which is wrongly translated as festival. 

The religious Eid is a ritual. It is the first day in the month of Shawwal during which Muslims are not permitted to fast. The holiday celebrates the conclusion of the 29 or 30 days of dawn-to-sunset fasting during the entire "month of Ramadan". The day of Eid, therefore, falls on the first day of the month of Shawwal. The date for the start of any lunar Hijri month varies based on the observation of new moon (hilal) by local religious authorities, so the exact day of celebration varies by locality. Note Eidul Fitr is a part of Islamic culture it is not mentioned in the book Quran although it is an important extension in understanding the significance of Islamic philosophy.


2:189  - يَسْأَلُونَكَ عَنِ الْأَهِلَّةِ قُلْ هِيَ مَوَاقِيتُ لِلنَّاسِ وَالْحَجِّ وَلَيْسَ الْبِرُّ بِأَنْ تَأْتُواْ الْبُيُوتَ مِن ظُهُورِهَا وَلَـكِنَّ الْبِرَّ مَنِ اتَّقَى وَأْتُواْ الْبُيُوتَ مِنْ أَبْوَابِهَا وَاتَّقُواْ اللّهَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ

They ask you, about the ray of new ideas / discoveries. Say, "It is a defining / determine period for the agitated / restless minds and for the repairing / amendment by gaining knowledge [Hajj]." And it is not greatness how you approach ideas / thoughts from its perception / manifestation, but greatness is [in] one who is diligent. And come / approach the idea / thought from their proper way / method. And be cautious of Allah that you may succeed. 

woh tumse poochte hai al-hilal kiya hai - kaho ye ek wazahat ki roshni hai tumhare mooshtaeel dimaag per ta ke tum haj ke maqam tak paonch sako, aur isme koi badi baat nahi hai ke tum apni soch / ideas ko kayse zahir kar rahe ho ke chapter / approach - kaamiyaabi ke liye Allah se khabardaar raho 

الْأَهِلَّةِ - ray of new ideas - rays of sun on the doubt (qamar) - full moon is shahr

مَوَاقِيتُ - defining period / determining period - taruf, tarif, samajana ka waqt, wazahat

Shawwāl (Arabic: شوّال‎‎) is traditionally the tenth month of the lunar Islamic calendar. The lexical terms Shawwāl means 'lifting or carrying'; so named because a female camel raises her tail as a sign that she has conceived and is ready to deliver the baby. 

According to my understanding the evolutionary period of Shawwal manifest the signs of carrying responsibility and is ready to deliver [Al-Quran] which is conceived by the womb of knowledge by an individual through the nourishing / educating mental faculty called Rahman (55:1-2). The manifestation period of Ramadan is the compiling and settling download of the Quran. Although this information is not in the book Quran but it is important to know its basic significance as this evolutionary phases plays an important role for growth in every man's life and we cannot deny its theological significance though in distorted shape believed by the majority of Muslims.

Whatever superficial rituals we celebrate in the name of religion has some deep hidden connotations which we must try to discover - Originally the idea of 12 evolutionary manifestation are phases in man's evolutionary life cycle which one must migrate (hijrah) from one phase to another, that's why it is called HIJRI [migration of self] or التقويم الهجري literally signify molding the self by cutting off the self from previous beliefs / ideology, but this significance is lost and later on it was adapted as the Lunar based Islamic calendar. Ideally every calendar must have fixed dates throughout the year as on the basis of that farmer fixed their dates of sowing and harvesting seasons. But if we understand this 12 manifestations as evolutionary phases and not as months then there is no need for fix dates as evolution of man can occur in any season provided he is prepared and ready to evolve. And this hijri makes sense too. 

The basic meaning of Al-Fitr - الفطر is to break, cleave, split -  -a-T-a-R-a = like the Breaking of milk, emergence of pimples or cleaving of flesh and coming forth of tooth - these reactions are called fatara. Some reaction that incites the activity to take place is a result of chemical reaction recognized as fatara. Thus the word fitrat is also derived from this word, something which happens or emerges naturally but with a cause. 

Coming back on the path of natural constitution is termed as Eid al-Fitr in Arabic: عيد الفطرFrom the manifestation of Ramadan till the declaration of Hajj are the sacred levels for those who seek knowledge and guidance. The word fatara is usually used for chemical reactions. The beginning of change in man’s nature that occurs due to knowledge and guidance of the revelation of Al-Quran which begins to manifest in man's fitrah and is the cause of internal celebration and happiness. In other words Eid al Fitr is a celebration of Nuzool e Quran on the agitated mind [Al-Naas] upon an individual and not for entire mankind. The word أُنزِلَ in verse 2:185 is 3rd person masculine singular (form IV) passive perfect verb.

97:1 - إِنَّا أَنزَلْنَاهُ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ

The celebration of Eid is for changing of Muqadar [destiny] after the period of long anxiety or dark phase [Lail] - 

Are we eligible to celebrate Eid al Fitr ? Have we reverted back to our original nature [Al-Fitr], the original nature on which Allah has evolved us [30:30] ?

فَأَقِمْ وَجْهَكَ لِلدِّينِ حَنِيفًا فِطْرَةَ اللَّهِ الَّتِي فَطَرَ النَّاسَ عَلَيْهَا لَا تَبْدِيلَ لِخَلْقِ اللَّهِ ذَلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ وَلَكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ