NEW QURANIC DIMENSION
WHAT ARE MAKKAH AND MADEENA SURAHS?
WHY LEAVING [HIJRAH] MAKKAH AND RESIDING IN MADEENA IS IMPORTANT?
WHY THE BOOK QURAN IS DIVIDED INTO TWO PARTS; MAKKI AND MADANI?
Best emigration is to leave what Allah dislikes
Mecca and Madeena are not two holy cities in the context of Islamic theology. They are two important state of thinking mind, one is the state of Makkah [unsettle state of mind] and other is the state of Madeena [sound state of mind]. A thinking mind always yearn to leave [Hijrah] from the state of agitated mind [Makkah] and seek to move [Hijrah] towards secure, peace and tranquil state of mind [Madeena]. This happens by the virtue of the continuous but wavering flow of thought process that continuously inspires [wahi] the two states of mind, ultimately it reaches its destination [manzil], that is the state of safety / security from the state of fear and anxiety. This path or the movement of thoughts in the Quranic terminology is called هَاجَرُواْ فِي اللّهِ / يُهَاجِرْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللّهِ - leaving or cutting off [Hijrah] all the relations from our previous fear, anxiety, negative emotions and moving towards the sound / secure belief in the path of system of consciousness [Allah]. The book Quran always emphasizes about Hijrah in the way/path of Allah it never discusses Hijrah between path of two cities. The History or Hadith of Hijrat must be understood in the context of the Quran and not vice versa.
Hijrah [هجرة] in the Quranic context is always from the restricted / fearful state of mind [Makkah] towards the liberated state of enlightenment or illumination [Madeena Munawwra] for the well being of our own mind or consciousness [Allah / Rabb]. The book Quran never discusses about the physical aspects of names, places, objects or personalities but it thoroughly discusses how the state of human mind behaves in different circumstances. The word Naas ناس generally translated as man or people, actually signifies the wavering state of human mind. Lexically Naas means to move to and fro, state of commotion or agitation. That's the reason chapters that has the phrase of ياأيها الناس [O Agitated Mind] are classified as Meccan Surahs. Makkah Surahs does not have the phrase يأيها اللذين آمنوا because this phrase O you who believe always occurs in Madina surahs. According to traditionalists chapter 22 is Madeena surah, but I strongly believe the chapter 22 is also a Makki Surah, as it is addressed to ياأيها الناس [O Agitated Mind].
What will be the gravity of our discernment if we assume the idea of Makkah and Madeena as the two geographical location of revelation of the book Quran? Is it fair to fix the immemorial message of the book Quran into circumstances of two fabled ancient cities? Are we not suppressing the living message of the Quran by comprehending it in the light of those doubtful / fabricated narratives of history? Are we not confining / regressing the vibrant message of the book Quran to the political situation of two cities back in 1442 C.E? Are we not fastening the message of Noble Quran to the condition of the people of those two cities and the life of Rev. Mohammed bin Abdullah [570 CE - 632CE]? Are we not instrumental in paralyzing or freezing the living message of the Noble Quran?
If the message of the book Quran is divided into the events of two cities (Mecca and Madina) happened some 1442 A.H before, then the vibrant message of the Quran is defunct in current situations. And we are overlooking a very important segregation done by the earlier scholars of Makki and Madni verses on the basis of our two states of mind.
If Hijrah is considered as escape of Rev. Mohammed bin Abdullah [PBUH] from Mecca to Madina that means we are missing a invaluable instruction and essence of Hijrah in the Quranic context.
Let's see some of the meaning of derivatives of مَكَّة in Modern Arabic - إلكترون مكوكي = Electron shuttling, سفينة مكّوكية = shuttle vessel, حاملة مكوكية - shuttle carriage - the essence of the word mekkah is that which keeps on moving or that never settles at one place.
Meaning of Makkah in Classical Arabic.Ibn Manẓūr, Lisān al-ʿArab لسان العرب لابن منظور
معروفة، البلد الحرام، قيل: سميت بذلك لقلة مائها، وذلك أَنهم – ومَكَّةُ
كانوا يَمْتَكُّون الماء فيها أي يستخرجونه، وقيل: سميت مكة لأنها كانت
تَمُكُّ من ظَلَم فيها وأَلْحَدَ أي تهلكه؛ قال الراجز:
يا مَكَّة، الفاجِرَ مُكِّي مَكَّا
My rough translation: According to Ibn Manẓūr, [d.1311 C.E] Lisān al-ʿArab لسان العرب لابن منظور - Makkah is recognized as the forbidden / restricted / inviolable state that is wanting in intelligence, it was so called because of its scarcity / lack of water / epiphany / knowledge, and that is what they are. And Makkah always possess the water / epiphany in it, which can be clearly subjugated, and it was said: Makkah was named because it holds those who wronged it and the one who has wronged it, that it perishes; Al-Rajz said in Majzūʾ al-Rajzمجزوء الرجز – a classical Arabic poetry.
Al-Fajir makki – My unsettled state that is on the verge of breakthrough - يا مَكَّة، الفاجِرَ مُكِّي مَكَّا
And according to Ibn al-Athīr al-Jazarī, al-Nihāya fī Gharīb al-Ḥadīth wa-l-Athar (d. 1210 CE) النهاية في غريب الحديث والأثر لأبي السعادات ابن الأثير الجزري –
المَكَّةَ - Makkah is the phase of learning and absorbing of all the knowledge like the last drop of milk is sucked from the udder of the camel. This phase must be without teaching / preaching / arguing / insisting upon or controlling your adversaries, rival and enemy.
Every abstract word of the book Quran is given physical image so that the masses hooked on to it firmly and to retrieve the original meanings becomes a hurricane task for the researchers.
The word Mecca in the Quran does not mean the city of Saudi Arabia,
The word Yathrib does not signify the Modern city of Madeena of Saudi Arabia
The word Musalla in Quran does not represent prayer-mat
The word Maqame Ibrahim is fabricated as foot print of Ibrahim
The word Safaa and Marwa are misconceived as hillocks in “Mecca”
The word Arafat is wrongly inferred as a gathering at granodiorite hill about 20 km (12 mi) southeast of Mecca in the Makkah Province of Saudi Arabia
The list is very long …
Same way the word Masjid in the Quran does not represent Mosque…
The conspirators against the Quran succeeded in replacing / converting and establishing the vibrant words of the Quran to the accounts of history.