MY UNDERSTANDING OF AL-HAJJ & EIDUL ADHA = عيد الأضحى – RETURN TO LIGHT FROM DARKNESS.
Eidul adha and Hajj is wrongly connected with 10th day of the "month of Zil Hajj of Islamic Calendar" thereby endorsing the Biblical parabolic story of Abraham sacrificing his son thus converting the symbolic parable into literal grand event of mass slaughtering of cattle and distribution of meat.
I have tried to analyze some terms in order to understand what Eid actually means; although the festival has nothing to do with the book Quran but still its significance is one of the backbone of Islamic theology. I will try to discuss this topic within the framework of the book Quran and try to unlock the true significance behind this festival by unraveling its real meaning.
Eid عيد means to return, come back or repeat - The triliteral root ʿayn wāw dāl (ع و د) occurs 63 times in the Quran, in six derived forms:
18 times as the form I verb ʿāda (عَادَ)
18 times as the form IV verb uʿīdu (أُعِيدُ)
24 times it is categorize as proper noun ʿād (عَاد)
once as the noun ʿīd (عِيد) - (5:114)
once as the noun maʿād (مَعَاد)
once as the active participle ʿāidūn (عَآئِدُون)
Adha الأضحى means his darkness became light or the road appeared or the road became apparent, under the sun. The triliteral root ḍād ḥā wāw (ض ح و) occurs seven times in the book Quran, in two derived forms:
once as the form I verb taḍḥā (تَضْحَىٰ)
six times as the nominal ḍuḥan (ضُحًى)
That means whenever we come out of darkness to light is Eidul Adha for us minus all the rituals connected to it.
Eidul Adha is misinterpreted as Bakri Eid in the Indian subcontinent because too much time, energy and importance is given to slaughtering of cattles rather than conquering our own darkness. There is a strong belief among the label Muslims that slaughtering a healthy animal is a great act of sacrifice and on the day of Judgment that slaughtered cattle will carry the person who killed the poor cattle to easily cross the bridge [pool siraat] to the paradise [Jannah]. But the biggest beast or animal we need to sacrifice is our ego. The strong desire for paradise compels them to take the convenient path so it is much easier to slaughter the poor cattle in the name of sacrificing ritual. This mass killing of poor animal is considered as a great deed of sacrifice for God, actually the root of this ritual is found in Pre-Islamic Pagan rituals.
Eidul Adha is a old Islamic Arabic term and has lot to do with Islamic theology. Although the word Eid is mentioned in the book Quran but not in the context of Eid festival, nevertheless Muslims all over the world enthusiastically celebrate it. The basic significance of عيد (Eid) is to come back to its original state, return, repeat, restore. Collectively Eidul Adha عيد الأضحى literally means to come back to light.
Retrieving back to our original state of mind is a tough task but it is also a moment of great achievement if we able to do it. When a child is born that is his / her original and foremost state. The child is born without any indoctrination or belief. He is not aware what is vanity, greed, fear and expectations. He knows no sadness, he is happy all the time, he cries because he does not know how to talk, crying is his only language which is universally understood. Through crying he conveys whether he is hungry or feeling uncomfortable, in it are the signs for the knowledgeable. One of the meanings of Bakkah in 3:96 is to cry, unable to speak, paucity of wealth, that's why it is called أَوَّلَ بَيْتٍ وُضِعَ لِلنَّاسِ لَلَّذِي بِبَكَّةَ. Gradually as we grow older we have been continuously smeared upon with layers of superficial information by parents, teachers and society at large. Because of this coating of layers of information our original script is lost or hidden from us. The result is we are lost in the whirlpool of information; in the process we forgot to connect with our embedded book / script [Al-Kitab]. In Quranic terminology such person becomes Kafir because his original script is hidden or covered with false information so he is denies, reject and is arrogant or in the state of darkness about the self.
Hajj is all about Abraham who is Ummatan, Qanitan, Hanifan and is not a Mushrik nevertheless he is the main Imam un Naas [guide of agitated minds] who builds and Ismail cleans our house [طَهِّرَا بَيْتِيَ]. The house of Allah is our own mind, body and soul. Ibrahim is the Imam (guide) of our thinking mind (Naas). We cannot follow dead Imam for that our Imam must be alive and functioning.
The Hajj [repairing / restoration] is not possible without our Imam and Masjid e Haram [not mosque at Mecca] but our inherent institution of guidance which we must take as our Qibla [the direction with acceptance]. Wherever we be our 24x7 focused / attention should be on our Masjid e Haram (2:144). Our own mind, body and soul must be Masjid e Haram provided we keep it clean from impure thoughts. The chapter of repentance (Taubah) deals with the freedom or elimination from impure thoughts [al-mushrikeen] and not from "polytheist people"- This is the Great Hajj if we are able to repair or restore ourselves but I won't touch that topic for the reason of brevity.
When man starts to question his own beliefs and think by himself he begins to gradually get rid of all the superficial information and education that once had cluttered his mind. That gradual de-cluttering of mind and coming back on the original track of proper evolution is the real moment of ecstasy and feast for his own self. The real Al-Hajj is repairing of our own mind and coming back to the course or direction (musalla) of Ibrahim; who is the guide [Imam] and the course [مُصَلًّى] for the agitated mind [جَاعِلُكَ لِلنَّاسِ إِمَامًا].
The moment of real Hajj is a great day for every an individual who have sacrificed their very precious time for achieving the path or the journey towards knowing / understanding his own consciousness [Rabb]. It has nothing to do with animal sacrifice or visiting Mecca. It is a moment of great achievement and celebration for individuals who prefer to walk in darkness to seek light or enlightenment. It is a day of sunshine when the darkness is slaughtered or the darkness is exposed to sun. It is the day / period or a moment of clarity of information and knowledge. This is the 12th and final evolutionary period in man’s life. This period is called Dhu'l-Hijjah / Zil Hajj - ذو الحجة - Dhū al-Ḥijjah ذُو ٱلْحِجَّة possessor or endowed with knowledge to repair, cure or probe his own self. Recognition [Arafat] of self is complete thus attaining the ground of enlightenment.
Zil = contextually it signifies long, touching the lower extremity, boldness, forwardness, proud, drag, carry himself or walk with elegance or posses competency, richness
Hajj = It’s an individual's journey or a path or pilgrimage towards correction or repairing of oneself…It is a journey of inquiry / probe / investigation or gathering of evidence or testimonies for a purpose proof for a final argument, so that it brings satisfaction to heart and mind.
Dhu'l-Hijjah / Zil Hajj - ذو الحجة means the period of long argument with competency or going to the base of an argument, stretching it to the ground level to prove a point until it is clear.
AL-HAJJ ACCORDING TO AL-QURAN:
22:27 And pay attention / listen [أَذِّن] in [فِي]the agitated mind [ النَّاسِ] with the intention of repairing / overcoming an arguments [Hajj]; they [thoughts] will come to you carrying their own weight [رِجَالًا] and with utmost conscience / determination in mind [ضَامِرٍ] ; they [thoughts] will come into existence from every depth of unripe path [فَجٍّ عَمِيقٍ] -
According to the verse 22:27 is very clear that listening / calling our own inner voices in our own agitated / thinking mind [An-Naas] with the intention to repair or rebuilt our self is Al-Hajj. Every arguments or thoughts carry their own weight [رِجَالًا] and determination from various unknown path of knowledge. So according to the above ayaat the real Hajj is IN Naas and not at Mecca, revolving around the cube structure dressed in black cloths.
ضَامِرٍ - A thing which is determine in your heart or mind, conscience - ضمير
لِيَشْهَدُوا مَنَافِعَ لَهُمْ وَيَذْكُرُوا اسْمَ اللَّهِ فِي أَيَّامٍ مَّعْلُومَاتٍ عَلَى مَا رَزَقَهُم مِّن بَهِيمَةِ الْأَنْعَامِ فَكُلُوا مِنْهَا وَأَطْعِمُوا الْبَائِسَ الْفَقِيرَ
AL-SAFAA & AL-MARWAH
2:158 ۞ إِنَّ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِن شَعَائِرِ اللَّهِ ۖ فَمَنْ حَجَّ الْبَيْتَ أَوِ اعْتَمَرَ فَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِ أَن يَطَّوَّفَ بِهِمَا ۚ وَمَن تَطَوَّعَ خَيْرًا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ شَاكِرٌ عَلِيمٌ
Indeed, the clarity [الصَّفَا] and the process of assimilation [الْمَرْوَةَ] are from the music/poems [شَعَائِرِ] of System of Consciousness [اللَّهِ]. So whoever repairs [حَجَّ] within the system of deep thoughts [حَجَّ الْبَيْتَ] or lives by it [اعْتَمَرَ] - there is no problem upon him that he circumvents [يَطَّوَّفَ] between both of them. And whoever voluntarily desire good - then indeed, Allah is appreciative and All Knowing.
When something is clearly understood and digested the sensation of music runs through our nervous system, such feeling is termed as شَعَائِرِ اللَّهِ by the Quran.
AL-HAJJ IS NEW DISCOVERY OF KNOWLEDGE:
They ask you, about the process of stripping off [old beliefs] . Say, "It is state of defining period for the agitated / restless minds and the reparation of thoughts [Al-Hajj]." And it is not righteousness to come to the house of thoughts from its exoteric background, but the righteousness is one who is diligent. And come to the house of thoughts from its proper way. And be cautious of Allah [system of consciousness] that you may succeed.
الْأَهِلَّةِ - the process of removing something, stripped off, removing of cover, passing off [month], separating darkness from light. In the above context الْأَهِلَّةِ is peeling-off of old beliefs or ideas or superficial knowledge for new knowledge and genuine ideas.
Acquire complete knowledge in the Cause of the System of consciousness those who want to acquire complete knowledge and do not transgress. Indeed the system of consciousness does not like transgressors.
And the complete transformation of self is Al-Hajj [overcoming the internal arguments for the sake of amending oneself] and Al-Umrah [the process of living by it] is only for Him [Consciousness]. But if you are blocked, then use whatever easily available from the guidance. And let not distress afflict your topmost priority [رُءُوسَكُمْ] until the guidance has reached its solution. And whoever from you is disordered or unexpected with it, from its topmost priorities then a process of liberation from abstinence or process of truthfulness or devotion. And when you are secure, then whoever took advantage with the 'umrah towards the Hajj what can be obtained with ease from the guidance. And whoever cannot find [guidance] - then a abstinence till the pending / final stages in the Hajj and continuously congregation [the arguments] till you have reconciled all. This is the process of complete communion [عَشَرَةٌ كَامِلَةٌ]. It is for those who are not its worthy attendee of the enshrined state of humbleness [al-Masjid al-haram]. And be cautious of system of consciousness [Allah] and know that the system of consciousness [Allah] is severest tracker.
Al-Hajj is the manifestation of the process of knowledge so whoever made obligatory upon himself therein the Hajj then there should be no submission/surrendering and no deviation / neglecting and no dispute in the Hajj and whatever you do from goodness - Allah knows it. And take the provision, so indeed the best provision is caution/diligence. And be cautious of Me, O foremost in possession of intelligence.
WHAT IS HOUSE [الْبَيْتَ] IN QURANIC CONTEXT ?
2:125 وَإِذْ جَعَلْنَا الْبَيْتَ مَثَابَةً لِّلنَّاسِ وَأَمْناً وَاتَّخِذُواْ مِن مَّقَامِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ مُصَلًّى وَعَهِدْنَا إِلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْمَاعِيلَ أَن طَهِّرَا بَيْتِيَ لِلطَّائِفِينَ وَالْعَاكِفِينَ وَالرُّكَّعِ السُّجُودِ
The word جَعَلْنَا is used in this context, whenever the word جعل is used that means that the making of anything is done without the help of any physical material. The book Quran uses the word جعل for making of day and night or making of zodiacal signs because no material is required in the making of day, night and zodiacal signs. Here in verse 2:125 the word جعل is used for making the house which is made by Allah, so in this context the house cannot be of stone, brick or concrete cement. Here in this context the book Quran is saying house without physical materials. This verse is definitely not talking about any physical house in Mecca, but the house we built by our own thoughts on the basis of the guidance of Ibrahim and must dwell in it forever.
2:127 وَإِذْ يَرْفَعُ إِبْرَاهِيمُ الْقَوَاعِدَ مِنَ الْبَيْتِ وَإِسْمَاعِيلُ رَبَّنَا تَقَبَّلْ مِنَّا ۖإِنَّكَ أَنتَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ
And if Abraham raises up the beliefs from the house of thoughts and consciously responds [Ishmael], [saying], "Our Consciousness, accept from us. Indeed You are the one who Responds / understands, the Knows very well.
The book Quran clearly refutes the existence of any physical house built by Ibrahim. The function of Ibrahim and Ismael is to raised the beliefs from the house of thoughts which also is the sacred house and purify it to the original state that was originally built by Allah/Rabb. The entire book Quran talks about elements inside us, nothing is physical, all is bil-gayab which we have to experience or witness within ourselves.
THE DAY OF ARAFAH IS THE MOMENT OF RECOGNITION - 2:198
لَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ جُنَاحٌ أَن تَبْتَغُواْ فَضْلاً مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ فَإِذَا أَفَضْتُم مِّنْ عَرَفَاتٍ فَاذْكُرُواْ اللّهَ عِندَ الْمَشْعَرِ الْحَرَامِ وَاذْكُرُوهُ كَمَا هَدَاكُمْ وَإِن كُنتُم مِّن قَبْلِهِ لَمِنَ الضَّآلِّينَ
There is no fault upon you for seeking preference from your Consciousness [Rabb]. But when you are overwhelmed from knowing / understanding; retrospect the system of consciousness [Allah] through the sacred/enshrined perception [al- Mash'ar al-haram]. And remember Him, as He has guided you, indeed, you have accepted it from those who were misguided.
3:96 - إِنَّ أَوَّلَ بَيْتٍ وُضِعَ لِلنَّاسِ لَلَّذِي بِبَكَّةَ مُبَارَكًا وَهُدًى لِّلْعَالَمِينَ
Indeed the foremost house of thoughts laid for the agitated minds is blessed / steady / fixed / perseveringly with poverty [بِبَكَّةَ مُبَارَكًا] however it is a guidance for all the knowledgeable.
3:97 - فِيهِ آيَاتٌ بَيِّـنَاتٌ مَّقَامُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَمَن دَخَلَهُ كَانَ آمِنًا وَلِلّهِ عَلَى النَّاسِ حِجُّ الْبَيْتِ مَنِ اسْتَطَاعَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلاً وَمَن كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ الله غَنِيٌّ عَنِ الْعَالَمِينَ
THE CRUX OF 3:96-97 - Continuous pain and struggle to find words/ideas or paucity of wealth is called bakkah. The word Bakkah is a derivative of بكا / بكى - is a feminine gender based on verb form ii pattern. The feminine gender of bakkah signifies a silent process of pain / struggle without able to express; just like a crying child who is not able to express his/ her feelings. Pain and persistency is the foremost requirement for any man to acquire safety and security. It is a blessing in disguise and guidance for the knowledgeable. The journey of amending of our thought process is not easy but whoever can afford to do it should undertake that mental journey. Father Abraham is the pioneer of that process of struggle and pain.The journey is not for Allah [the system of consciousness] as He is above all needs. The mental journey is for our own safety and security because acquiring knowledge, guidance and implementation is our fundamental duty.
MASS ANIMAL KILLING IS UN ISLAMIC AND NON QURANIC RITUAL. IT'S A WASTAGE OF ONE'S RESOURCES UNDER THE ILLUSION OF PLEASING ALLAH.