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KITAB, QURAN & ARABIC

CHAPTER 1     KITAB, QURAN & ARABIC –     IS "ARABIC" THE NAME OF A LANGUAGE OF MIDDLE EAST AND "QURAN&quo...

Saturday, 5 November 2016

SURAH 75 AL- QIYAMAH

THE PROCESS OF INSTALLATION OF SELF AWARENESS - 75 - سورة القيامة


BRIEF:

This small surah is a complete definition of the term Al-Qiyamah - As the word itself suggest that it signifies a process which is everlasting, eternal, existing forever, never ending, perpetual, standing permanently, fixed, round the clock unbroken, standing still. To understand the term Al-Qiyamah we just have to carefully concentrate on this surah and relate it with our daily thought process. How daily new thoughts are born due to which sometimes we rejoice with the new idea or repent with the old beliefs or thoughts. The revival of senses happens to only those who continuously think beyond boundaries or old beliefs. This thinking process is commonly recognized as revival or resurrection or regeneration or awakening of fresh thoughts on daily basis. This continuous chain of realization which releases daily new lease of life in us is the stimulant for living or growth.

The book Quran is reminding, time and again that Man is a thinking animal and thinking is the only criteria for his evolution. He is the product of his own thoughts, without  the installation of renewed thoughts he is like a rotten body. If he has to live a good life he has to think and there is no other option available. He has to carry his own burden and nobody else will think for him. If he has to lighten the burden he has to think and come out with solutions or expressions from within; no outside book or scriptures can help him if he is not ready to think for himself. Coming out with breakthrough solutions are his eureka moments that will guide him and will be his traveling compass throughout his life.

Al-Qiyamah is a daily process of installation or awakening our thoughts from dormant state, whether good or bad, one has to face the consequences and there is no escape from it. Unless newer thoughts are installed, again whether good or bad, nevertheless this process goes on and on....... The process of installation of new programs, ideas, expressions is Al-Qiyamah and it is the backbone of mental evolution.


EXEGESIS OF THE SURAH:

When Laa (لَا) occurs in the beginning of the sentence (75:1) it indicates strong refutation and intends to present a strong point, but strangely almost all translators skip this vital word which could completely changed the meaning of the context of the verse. Secondly a very big mistake is done by them that they wrongly interpreted the word أُقْسِمُ as I swear. I could not understand the logic of "God" swearing by the "event of Al-Qiyamah" or by the "Resurrection Day".

Here the point of discussion is Al-Qiyamah [the process towards self consciousness], the subject of this entire chapter (surah), therefore it is rightly named as 'Al-Qiyamah' [the installation of self awareness in human]. It is a continuous process of installation of facts - Usually whenever the word Al Qiyamah is mentioned we connect to it emotional and punitive stories of the hereafter. But al-qiyamah is not "hereafter" or life after death event because it is a continuous process of evolving or transformation. Like water it does not die but changes form (liquid, gas and solid) while still alive. Nothing goes away everything has to stay here but only the man of understanding will realize it. A thinking man has to face Al-Qiyamah on daily basis.

The fact is the term Al-Qiyamah is used for describing a concept for installation of self realization process of our thoughts, opinion or idea occurring in our mind. The term Yaumul Qiyamah represents the moments of installation or distinguishing of facts over fiction. Or in other words we can say it is a moment of awareness, once the learning has been installed. It's a daily learning process for better awareness. It's a doomsday for outdated or obsolete thoughts and revival of modern / contemporary / cutting-edge thoughts. The main theme of the surah is Self (Nafs) and his Consciousness (Rabb), they can never be detached from each other, they are engage in continuous conversation with each other for the installation of right thoughts hence this phenomenon called Al-Qiyamah is a permanent process of installation. The process of giving birth to new thoughts is a continuous process and we are never detached with it. The Consciousness is consistently present with the soul. 


Every sensible man has to experience it, face it and feel it during his or her journey toward awakening and learning; in fact one is daily experiencing it. The Assessor is the all powerful Rabb and the accused is the self blaming Nafs. After the scrutiny from Rabb, the auto self accountability process will decide whether to promote the nafs or repeat the process of mental evolution. 

In this surah the derivation of the word Quran appears thrice, we have to understand the relation of Quran with Al-Qiyamah. Here Quran means the installed expressions - recorded or written by the writer inside us helps us in clearing our doubts and confusion. In Quranic terminology the inherent writing is recognized as Kitab or script. And our Qiyamah or or installation of thoughts depends upon the data we have fed to our soul or Nafs or how we have followed the inherent script.


Man is the epitome of mental evolution. He should always keep this in mind that because of his higher status, he also has higher responsibilities and his thoughts and actions will be self assessed minutely. Accordingly, his exact role and position will be decided. All his observations, thoughts and actions is compiled in a record known as Al-Kitab, Al-Quran, Al-Zikr, Al-Furqan, Al Basirah and is scripted to form his evolutionary sojourn. All these data are actually self recorded scripts embedded within.

Man has the tendency to be hasty and this haste can land him into a labyrinth, from which it is difficult to come out. He is instructed to refrain from hastiness and jumping to conclusions. Patience and time is the best teacher and healer. "Al-Quran" always instructs man to think, think and think before committing or expressing, so that he does not fall into self trap and has to face chastisement.

Al-Qiyamah is a regular process of installing thoughts, only if one is able to connect himself with his Rabb and receive daily messages, thereby wiping out ignorance from life. Deep thinking is the only path through which he can connect with his Rabb (consciousness). Through this process one can awakens or resurrects or rejuvenate his thoughts or restore disorder and coming back to life.

Eureka moments are very important for the recharging of life. For that we need deep contemplation to attain the stage of manifestation (Shahr) to reach the saturated boiling point (Ramadan) where the thinking is converted gradually into the expressions (Al-Quran). This expressions are finally gathered and released to us so that we can revive our life as well as the lives of others from fading away. These expressions are embedded criterion (Furqan) for thinking men by which man live their lives. These eureka moments are actually breakthrough thinking that guide us to move forward and experience / witness the revelation of Al-Quran with us [2:185].

Sweet talks laced with glamour usually attract or distract us and force us to act wrongly. These actions are not always beneficial and can drive us to irreparable loss. Whatever we do is ultimately registered in the System of Rabb -  The One who Revives everything and the One who establishes everything.     


UNDERSTANDING AL-QIYAMAH THROUGH INTERPRETATION OF CHAPTER 75 :
 

 بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

1 لَا أُقْسِمُ بِيَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ

I am not detached / disconnected / divided with the moments of the process of permanent installation / true reckoning / real value or worth / establishment of evidence (in the mind).


The verse clearly says I am not detached or disconnected with the moment of process of Al-Qiyamah. Question is who is this I? Answer: Our inherent rasul

2 وَلَا أُقْسِمُ بِالنَّفْسِ اللَّوَّامَةِ

And I am not even detached with the self accusing psyche 


And rasul is not even detached with the Nafs / soul. That's why job of the soul is to blame the self or persistently carry the feeling of guilt.

3 أَيَحْسَبُ الْإِنسَانُ أَلَّن نَّجْمَعَ عِظَامَهُ

Does the social mind thinks / reckons that We won't assess his magnitude ?

Certainly humble man will be tried or examined with his intentions or determination of being a true server of humanity

4 بَلَىٰ قَادِرِينَ عَلَىٰ أَن نُّسَوِّيَ بَنَانَهُ

Nay ! We are capable of that, to restore his exact position


The Consciousness has the Power to show our exact position or status

5 بَلْ يُرِيدُ الْإِنسَانُ لِيَفْجُرَ أَمَامَهُ

But the social mind wishes to be divergent about his leader.

But the nature of man is divergent, he gets tempted by what drives / led him


6 يَسْأَلُ أَيَّانَ يَوْمُ الْقِيَامَةِ

He questions, "When would be the moment of the permanent installation process ?"

He questions about when will be the self realization process begin

 7 فَإِذَا بَرِقَ الْبَصَرُ

"Then when the mental perception is dazzled ?"


Say to him that when the clouds over our mental perception is clear like light

 8 وَخَسَفَ الْقَمَرُ 

And the perplexity would disappear 

And all the confusion disappears

9 وَجُمِعَ الشَّمْسُ وَالْقَمَرُ
And the state of clarity and the state of confusion / doubt would be assessed

That is the time for self assessment of clarity and confusion

10 يَقُولُ الْإِنسَانُ يَوْمَئِذٍ أَيْنَ الْمَفَرُّ


The social mind will say, that moment, "Where is the place of elude ?"

That moment man would not find place to escape or seek refuge

 11 كَلَّا لَا وَزَرَ

Nay, there is no assistance 


There would be no help.

12 إِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ يَوْمَئِذٍ الْمُسْتَقَرُّ

Towards your Consciousness, that moment, is the time of settlement.

It's a time to settle all our doubts with our Consciousness


13 يُنَبَّأُ الْإِنسَانُ يَوْمَئِذٍ بِمَا قَدَّمَ وَأَخَّرَ 

The social mind will be informed that moment, of what he sent ahead and kept back

That moment man will realize what deeds were useful and what deeds hold him back

 14 بَلِ الْإِنسَانُ عَلَىٰ نَفْسِهِ بَصِيرَةٌ

Rather the social mind would be introspecting his psyche (nafs)


Man would examine or observe his own mental and emotional processes.

15 وَلَوْ أَلْقَىٰ مَعَاذِيرَهُ

 Although he would find his excuses


He would express or showing regretful acknowledgement of his offence or failure.

16 لَا تُحَرِّكْ بِهِ لِسَانَكَ لِتَعْجَلَ بِهِ

Don't get arouse / incited with it, your 
eloquence; (nor) make haste with it

When the realization happens be calm, don't make a hasty statements.

17 إِنَّ عَلَيْنَا جَمْعَهُ وَقُرْآنَهُ

Indeed ! it is upon Us to assess it and to express it


It is for the Consciousness to assess and express it

18 فَإِذَا قَرَأْنَاهُ فَاتَّبِعْ قُرْآنَهُ

So when it is expressed, then follow its expression

When the expression is settled minutely follow its detail


19 ثُمَّ إِنَّ عَلَيْنَا بَيَانَهُ

Then indeed ! it is upon Us to explain it 


It is the role of the Consciousness to distinguish it properly.

20 كَلَّا بَلْ تُحِبُّونَ الْعَاجِلَةَ

Nay ! But you love the quick / fast process 


Although man love the fast process.

21 وَتَذَرُونَ الْآخِرَةَ


And leave the stuck up /delayed / procrastination process

But he is still stuck up in the procrastination process

22 وُجُوهٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ نَّاضِرَةٌ

Some faces at that moment will be bright / beautiful


Some behavior would be going through a glowing moment.

23 إِلَىٰ رَبِّهَا نَاظِرَةٌ

Towards it's Consciousness is the examining 


The examination of the nafs / self would be taken by the Consciousness

24 وَوُجُوهٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ بَاسِرَةٌ

And some faces at that moment will be restless  


And that moment the body language of some would be restless and eager.

25 تَظُنُّ أَن يُفْعَلَ بِهَا فَاقِرَةٌ

Mulling over that some burdensome process would be inflicted with it 


Thinking about what burden would be inflicted on them.

  26 كَلَّا إِذَا بَلَغَتِ التَّرَاقِيَ 

Actually when it reaches it hurts the most


Moreover when the burden spreads it hurts the most

27 وَقِيلَ مَنْ ۜ رَاقٍ

And it would be said, "Is there anyone who would elevate" 


The soul would look for some help as to lift the burden which is hurting it.

28 وَظَنَّ أَنَّهُ الْفِرَاقُ

And trying to think, that it is the actual difference (in perception)


And trying to ponder about the actual difference in perception for this plight.

29 وَالْتَفَّتِ السَّاقُ بِالسَّاقِ

And entangled in rhetoric of the enchanter (driver) with the enchantment  


Actually the provocation from the nafs /soul lead to this captivated situation.

30 إِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ يَوْمَئِذٍ الْمَسَاقُ 


That moment towards your Consciousness, (you) would be driven 

The driving of the Nafs is towards its final destination; that is its own Rabb.

31 فَلَا صَدَّقَ وَلَا صَلَّىٰ

Then he did not acknowledge the truth and nor did he followed


Because he did not accepted the truth nor he was ready to follow it closely

32 وَلَـٰكِن كَذَّبَ وَتَوَلَّىٰ 


On the contrary, he denied and authorized it

But he denied and authorized / legalized it.

33 ثُمَّ ذَهَبَ إِلَىٰ أَهْلِهِ يَتَمَطَّىٰ

Again he went towards his companions swaggering


He was ever boastful in his attitude. 

34 أَوْلَىٰ لَكَ فَأَوْلَىٰ
 

It (self importance) presides over you then becomes possessive

In this attitude of selfishness he could not see the truth.


  35 ثُمَّ أَوْلَىٰ لَكَ فَأَوْلَىٰ

Again it (self importance) presides over you then becomes possessive


Because of self importance and possessive nature he became authoritative

36 أَيَحْسَبُ الْإِنسَانُ أَن يُتْرَكَ سُدًى

Does the man think that he will be left heedless ?


Such people think that they are not accountable.

37 أَلَمْ يَكُ نُطْفَةً مِّن مَّنِيٍّ يُمْنَىٰ


Wasn't he a seed from an desired wish ?

Wasn't he at the lowest ebb in evolution cycle?

 38 ثُمَّ كَانَ عَلَقَةً فَخَلَقَ فَسَوَّىٰ


Then he is being related, then he evolved in a suitable manner 

Then he went through the process of relation in an appropriate manner
 
39 فَجَعَلَ مِنْهُ الزَّوْجَيْنِ الذَّكَرَ وَالْأُنثَىٰ

Then made from it the pairs, one mindful (full of life) and one lifeless (not active)


Then from that seed erupted multiple pairs; one strong and the other weak 

40 أَلَيْسَ ذَ‌ٰلِكَ بِقَادِرٍ عَلَىٰ أَن يُحْيِيَ الْمَوْتَىٰ

Is He not that capable over that, the one who brings back (the deprived or senseless intellectual faculty to) life ?

And finally the Rabb is capable to bring back the senses

.--- Exact translation
.---My interpretation 


SOME IMPORTANT MEANINGS:


 أُقْسِمُ =   Detached, Separate, Disconnected, cut, divide - 1st. Person singular (form IV) imperfect verb - Taqseem (divide) is one its derivative word.

لِيَفْجُرَ = break open, cleave, flow of water, deviated, declined, erred, transgress, neglected, disbelieve, disobedient, divergent - prefixed particle of purpose lām – 3rd person masculine singular imperfect verb, subjunctive mood


الْقَمَرُ = The perplexity, confusion, deceive, beguile, moon, etc - Nominative masculine noun

الشَّمْسُ = Became clear, un-obscured, sun, etc - Nominative feminine noun.

 فَاقِرَةٌ Process of seeking knowledge, beggar, poor, carrier of burden - also signifies anxiety, troubled mind, breaking of backbone, calamity - also signifies Resurrection - Mufaqir means thinker, strong minded, who carries the load of thinking. -  Nominative feminine indefinite active participle

الْتَفَّتِ = Root word is ل ف ف  is a 3rd person feminine singular (form VIII) perfect verb - entangle or hurting someone with knowledge, rhetoric

السَّاقُ = Root word is س و ق - the meaning of which is to drive - السَّاقُ means one who drives us with power of words, thoughts or deeds or the force which shapes our destiny

 نُطْفَةً = Some words in Quran have been used to force meanings into them. One of these words is “nutfah” , it is said that this word has been forced to mean “sperm” to promote “scientific accuracies” in the Quran. The word has been translated in many ways by scholars. In Quran 53:46 Yusuf Ali and M.H. Shakir has translated this word as seed. The basic meaning of Nutfah is earring according to Edward William Lane’s Arabic-English Lexicon, Librarie du Liban, 1968, Volume 8, pg. 3034 - Earring in old English means which goes through the ear, which embraces the ear or confined to ears. If we take contextual meaning it means "words" that pass through the ears and lodge into the mind and transforms into desire - the next word  مَّنِيٍّ  vindicates my point. "Quran" also states that good words (are like seeds), produces good trees and while bad words produces bad trees. (14:24) - Accusative feminine indefinite noun.

مَّنِيٍّ = He meditated a thing into his mind, he wished or desired it, fate, destiny, a thing that a man meditates in his mind. - Genitive masculine indefinite noun


أَوْلَىٰ / تَوَلَّىٰ = Root word is و ل ى = held authority, authorized, command, presided over it, governed, retrogress, sometimes from reason, declension, possession of power or possessiveness....

الزَّوْجَيْنِ = Various kind pairs (38:58)


The process of Al-Qiyamah is a continuous process of installation or up-gradation of thoughts. No one can fix its date or day because it’s a continuous process of self realization for any thinker. Every individual has its own moments of realization according to the situations he has gone through. The process of Al-Qiyamah is attached with every one of us; it is something which we have to face it. It is a continuous process of consequences of our deeds. The moment of Al-Qiyamah cannot leave us for a moment. Al-Qiyamah is a direct reaction of our thoughts or action we put into the processor called life. The moment of Al-Qiyamah is a moment of our awakening or realization of our activity. The effect of this awakening or realization will never die. It will continue to dominate our lives until we learn the lesson from it. Without the installation or up-grading our thoughts there is no evolution.

Al-Qiyamah is actually an effect of self realization of our thoughts or learning which ultimately turns into actions. It’s a moment of reckoning, recognition and realization. This moment of realization is tough for the people who committed mistakes or crimes in their lives. Al-Qiyamah is the effect or result of our judgment where an awakened soul (Nafs) will take its own account. 


The traditionalists have created such an irrational scenario of this vibrant word called Al-Qiyamah that many rational minds are mesmerized by its illusory tale. The "doomsday" phobia brainwashed them to surrender their intellect at the altar of the fraudulent scholars. The reason is blindly relying on the traditional interpretations of the "Quran".

Ahle Aqal blog.













                           


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